Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) means that the infant receives only breast milk for the first six months of life after birth. The objective was to assess the prevalence of EBF and associated factors among mothers having children aged 0–6 months in Surman city, Libya Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Surman city among 146 mothers of infants aged 0–6 months. Eligible mothers were identified and randomly selected using the demographic surveillance system’s computerized database that is updated weekly. A semi-structured questionnaire was used for interviews that inquired information on socio-demographic characteristics, obstetric, health service, breastfeeding related factors (initiation of breastfeeding, prelacteal feeding and colostrum feeding) and economic factors. EBF prevalence was calculated using 24-hour recall method. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify those factors associated with the Exclusive breastfeeding


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