Hypertension (HTN) is a challenge for public health professionals all over the world. It is
the leading and most important modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD), congestive
heart failure (CHF), stroke, renal diseases and retinopathy. The aims of the present study were to
determine the most identifiable risk factors of hypertension such as age, gender, marital status,
tobacco smoking, patient life style and with associated diseases (dyslipidemia and diabetes) on
attendants in Tripoli Medical Centre (TMC). This was a cross sectional prospective study which was
carried out at TMC, from October 2013 to January 2014. We included 200 consecutive patients 102
females and 98 males who are ≥ 30 years old who came for follow up. During this study, variables
like age, gender, diabetes, smoking and dyslipidemia were taken into account in relation to
hypertension disease in Tripoli. In addition, we also assorted some important findings as total
cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, HDL and fasting blood glucose range in our population and compared
them with existing literature. Our findings revealed that in our local population not only old age and
male gender are potential threat for an early hypertensive disease but other variables like diabetes,
cardiovascular diseases, dyslipidemia, obesity, migraine and obstructive apnea are also playing
important role in hypertension disease. It is also concluded that our population is more prone to
hyperglycemia and high pulse pressure with hypertension in majority of survey population.
Keywords: Hypertension, risk factors, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, Libya,

download pdf button 11