Back ground During pregnancy the woman needs a good nutritional status for a healthy outcome. Poor nutritional statuses cause higher risks of malnutritional diseases and deaths for women and their embryos. Folic acid deficiency negatively affects pregnancy outcomes due to its association with DNA synthesis, and since the folic acid intake during pregnancy plays a significant role in modulating gene expression, the dose and its timing during pregnancy may be critical.
The study was designed to investigate the effect of folic acid on pregnancy. A total of 92 pregnant women participated in this study. These pregnant women were classified into 3 groups according to their ages (20 – 30 years, 31 – 41years, and above 40years). The three groups were examined through a questionnaire that has to be answered by the pregnant women themselves.